The toilet should be no less beautiful than the rest of the rooms. Facing the room affects the comfort, the impression of the apartment. With proper combination of materials, accessories, accessories, lights, you can visually expand the space, create comfort. Self-cleaning of the toilet is carried out quickly, without significant financial costs. Depending on the color solution of 1-2 square. m of the area creates a certain interior style, a setting where you can relax, be alone with yourself.
In the separate toilet, you can use any materials. For combined bathroom need a moisture-resistant lining, which is well cleaned, resistant to mold, fungi. In a spacious toilet more room for decoration. To make a small toilet room visually more spacious, will have to resort to tricks.
Ways to increase the visual space
|1||Decorating the walls and floor materials of light shades||Gives height and width|
|2||Blue, green, pink, silver, lemon color||Expand the room in which there is not enough light|
|3||Wallpaper pastel shades with a small pattern, horizontal stripes||Visually stretch the walls|
|4||Accent wall with a pattern||Creates the illusion of space|
|5||Glossy ceiling||Makes the room brighter|
|6||Spotlights along the walls||Visually deepen the room|
|7||Glossy tile with a small pattern||Creates the effect of expanding the boundaries|
|8||Decorating the lower part of the wall with a dark tint material, on the top - a light color with a horizontal stripe at the junction||Visually expand the area|
|9||Multi-colored floor and ceiling||Make the room wider, but visually lower|
|10||The floor and back wall of the same color||Increase depth, visually expand|
Materials used for flooring
The main requirement for the floor in the bathroom - non-slip surface. It is well cleaned, the rough tile is safe for movement. The most popular materials for finishing the toilet - porcelain and tile. In a small area you can lay your own tiles. The budget option - linoleum, PVC tiles. Both coatings quickly fit, do not absorb moisture, but wear out faster during operation. In the separate toilet there is low humidity, no temperature drops, leaks do not occur more often than in other rooms. For lining the floor fit any materials remaining after the repair of the apartment.
The bathroom belongs to the premises with a small workload, so tile second class is suitable for cladding. Without loss of appearance and structural changes, it will last for about 40 years. The main condition for the installation of tile - ideally smooth base. The material is laid on the screed, primed surface. For the floor choose anti-slip ceramics, with a "Grip" on the package. Friction and removal of moisture from the floor surface provide a notch, a shallow relief or a special coating that forms a rough film.
The material is not afraid of water, easy to clean, immune to mold and fungi, suitable for separate and combined bathrooms. Floor tile withstands heavy loads, mechanical damage. If space permits, a washing machine can be placed in the toilet room. Ceramic tiles do not attract dust, the toilet remains in order for a long time. For floor cladding in a small room, it is recommended to choose small squares of 200x200 cm in size, to carry out a diagonal layout. A narrow tiled floor that imitates stone and wood will add space to the narrow toilet room.
In a separate toilet the usual laminate coating will last at least 10 years. Before the toilet, the floor wears off fairly intensively, it is better to lay a laminate of at least class 31. In the bathroom, choose a moisture-resistant coating on the basis of HDF plates, which withstands short contact with the liquid. The polymer-coated plastic-based laminate does not swell with prolonged contact with water, it is used in rooms with stable humidity. Additional water resistance to the material is provided by plastic docking locks.
Advantages of laminate:
- easy to clean with a damp cloth;
- quickly mounted;
- warm, pleasant for bare feet.
Disadvantages: the usual classic laminate swells under the influence of moisture, is deformed.
In the toilet for visual expansion laminate stack across the premises.
Household or semi-commercial linoleum imitates tile, stone, laminate, successfully replaces the expensive lining. In the combined toilet it is recommended to choose material on the foam basis. The coating withstands frequent cleaning, the impact of cleaning products. On the surface are not visible wet marks, stains. In a small room, linoleum is laid in one piece, neatly trimmed with a knife, fixed on the adhesive mixture.
The advantages of finishing linoleum toilet:
- low slip;
- warm, fairly soft surface;
- lack of seams;
- low cost.
In the toilet room do not install furniture that leaves prints on the floor, so there are no flaws in linoleum.
The option is suitable for those who want to surprise with an unusual design. The 3D floor in a small room will be inexpensive, it will create a three-dimensional image that will delight you with the novelty. Monolithic waterproof coating, suitable for the toilet, combined with a shower or bath. The self-leveling floor is created only on a concrete base, in order to prevent the mixture from leaking, cracks and cracks are carefully filled on the surface. Loose and soft rough coating is dismantled to the level of the plates. Filling technology, in comparison with the flooring with linoleum or tile, is complex. The leveling and finishing layer is applied, polymeric, epoxy compounds harden for 2-6 days.
Pluses of a bulk floor in a toilet:
- no cracks, seams, which penetrate microbes;
- does not slip;
- Immune to detergents;
- repels dust;
- wide design possibilities due to photo images, contrasting pigments, manually laid seashells, pebbles.
- cold surface when in contact with bare feet;
- long preparation of the basis.
Wall decoration options
To create a neat and beautiful environment, all sewers located in the toilet should be hidden. The simplest design for pipe masking is a plastic or drywall duct. In a niche you can also hide a water heater, a narrow washing machine, make a cabinet for household chemicals. Sheets are mounted on the frame, for access to the pipes, the counters install a revision hatch. After that, the box is revetted with tiles or other materials. No less convenient access to communications, the boiler is provided by rolling shutters or blinds to the color of the wall decoration. For budget finishing toilet suitable materials remaining after the repair. It is well combined tile with paint or decorative plaster. Finishing the upper half of the wall with light material and the lower part with a brighter or darker will visually expand the room.
To finish the walls in a small toilette choose a tile of medium size. In order not to narrow the room, it should not be too dark. Laying horizontal stripes with visible seams looks spectacular, expands the space. Vertical stripes alienate the ceiling. Walls are decorated with details of different sizes, borders, abstract decor, contrasting corners, accent rows. In a narrow toilet room next to the wall, lined with solid tiles, mosaic looks beautiful. A bright mosaic tile is combined with light and snow-white surfaces. With the help of mosaic, accents are created on the whole wall, corners, borders, built-in shelves.
In small rooms, the mosaic gradient should go from a dark bottom to a light top. Pixel mosaic (a combination of several shades in a chaotic order) gives the interior dynamism and brightness. To imitate masonry in the toilet used tiles hog. Volumetric rectangles with a beveled butt chamfer, it is desirable to veneer the accent wall or the lower part. The hog fits into the Scandinavian style, loft, minimalism. Ceramic tiles are immune to moisture and steam, cleaning agents, can be used for finishing combined toilets, shower cubicles. With the right choice of colors, there are no flaws in the tile.
In the sale of a large selection of wallpapers of various textures, patterns, shades that are suitable for any style of decoration. Depending on the material, the production technology of washable wallpaper are divided into several types.
|1||Flat vinyl||Reproduces the surface of plaster, stone, textiles, glued onto well-prepared surfaces, is expensive|
|2||Foamed vinyl||It has a distinct relief, imitates tile, mosaic, stone, well hides the irregularities of the walls.|
|3||Acrylic canvas||Thin, with unexpressed relief pattern, easily glued, inexpensive|
|4||Glass fiber||Strengthen walls, withstand numerous staining, resistant to scratches, mold fungi|
|5||Non-woven wallpaper||They hide minor defects, dark spots on the wall, stick on without preparatory work, are scratch-resistant|
|6||Metal wall||Canvases with aluminum coating look original, suitable for the design of the accent wall in the toilet|
The advantages of pasting wallpaper: quick finish without dirt, complex surface preparation.
Disadvantage: become unusable from unexpected leaks.
PVC panels at minimal cost will help restore order, create a pleasant environment in the toilet. Sheets are quickly mounted on a wall or crate, mask pipes, counters. Lightweight material sheathes shabby surface. For a small toilet get not too wide wall panels with medium-sized pattern. Sheathing is not afraid of moisture, cleaning products, scratches. Vinyl siding does not rot, is not afraid of a direct hit of water, it is cleaned with a sponge.
The advantages of finishing panels:
- suitable for making box;
- easy to cut and saw;
- reliably imitate ceramic tiles, stone;
- 2-2.5 times cheaper than tile.
- at frame installation space is lost;
- afraid of shocks, sharp objects.
Wooden wall decoration, echoing the plank floor, improves the space, suitable for covering spacious toilets in private homes. Lining can be painted to match the plumbing fixtures, combined with painting, plaster. The wooden decoration of light shades around the perimeter visually expands the walls. Brown or dark gray lamellas laid on the accent wall in a parquet way will add depth, emphasizing the whiteness of the toilet bowl. White lining in combination with plastered surfaces or light gray wallpaper is relevant to the Scandinavian style. The abundance of wood in a small toilet causes discomfort, the wall paneling is used only for the combined decoration. For example, the rear wall of transverse slats of brown tones in combination with smooth plaster and laminate flooring look unique. In a country house a separate bathroom can be fully sheathed with wood.
For finishing the combined toilet, the tree is varnished with water-repellent properties, the lacquering is repeated after 5-6 years. Wooden walls for a long time retain their original appearance in the bathroom with good built-in ventilation.
Painting the top of the wall in white and the bottom in pastel shades visually expand the boundaries of the toilet. To keep the room from being dull, lilac, lemon, turquoise, and spring-green tones are chosen. Finishing will be cheap, but the paint emphasizes defects, it is necessary to work hard on high-quality surface preparation, to eliminate irregularities in the corners. Separate toilet painted with water-based, acrylic compositions. In the combined bathroom in the paint add an additive that protects against mildew. Near the sink, bath lay out the apron from the tile.
Advantages of painting walls:
- easy application and care;
- quick change of annoying color;
- simple decoration of rooms with projections, complex configuration.
- the need for careful sealing dents, scratches;
- visible small pollution.
So that the walls do not look too simple, the painting is combined with tiles, panels, wooden slats.
Using various finishing techniques, you can make a coating under the concrete, travertine, stone, sandy surface, give the desired shades tinting solutions. In a separate toilet there is no dampness, no mold is formed, therefore usual plaster mixtures are suitable. When finishing the combined bathroom to prevent the development of fungi, antiseptics are added to the decorative plaster or mixtures based on moisture-resistant fillers are selected.
Types of decorative plaster for bathrooms
|1||Silicate||The most durable plaster with high vapor permeability and moisture resistance|
|2||Acrylic||Included in the resin, polymers make it difficult to air. Plastic material is easy to apply, stretch or shrink when walls shrink|
|3||Mineral||Due to the inclusions of large fractions of marble creates a pronounced relief. The disadvantage is low elasticity, not recommended for bathrooms in new buildings|
|4||Silicone||Elastic composition with good hydrophobic properties, does not attract dirt|
Ceiling trim in the toilet takes the first blow after breaking the pipe from the neighbors above. Upon contact with a large volume of water, it is obliged to protect the room from flooding. In a small bathroom, the trim should not be too bright and dark. In standard apartments, the ceiling can be visually raised by white, pink, beige, light green, metallic shades, and glossy panels. The lining of the ceiling surface is chosen to be lighter in color than the walls. High ceilings in stalinki visually reduce the dark saturated colors, low massive lights, hanging structures. The walls are decorated in bright colors.
Despite the high cost, PVC canvas is considered the most reliable and practical option for decorating the ceiling surface in rooms with a high risk of flooding. It withstands a large amount of water, prevents flooding of the toilet and adjacent rooms. The canvas creates a flat surface, does not attract dust, it does not form condensate. Under the tension system hides an uneven base. In the toilet with a standard ceiling height matte and satin sheets look beautiful.
The advantages of using stretch ceilings in the bathroom:
- high tightness and moisture resistance;
- dustproof effect;
- lack of preparatory work;
- resistance to molds.
Minus - the surface of the PVC canvas is poorly ventilated. To protect against mold, the ceiling space must be treated with antiseptics, biocides.
The lining is glued directly to the ceiling, if the surface is curved or with defects, it is mounted on the profile. PVC panels do not lose their form stability, do not collapse in wet conditions. Plastic colonies do not colonize mold fungi.
For covering the ceiling in the toilet, you can choose:
- strip panels in the form of strips 10 cm wide;
- seamless sheets;
- square plates.
For finishing the ceiling in the separate toilet used white cork panels. The original texture of the cork is combined with plaster, the skin serves a long time, gives the room an expensive look. Cork does not violate the air, is not afraid of leakage, dries quickly and restores shape. When in constant contact with water, it swells and collapses.
Foam panels - inexpensive, damp-resistant finish of the ceiling in the toilet. Light slabs are stuck on decayed bases after removing the old finish, you can not align the small grooves and buckling. The material is easy to clean, when re-painted is painted.
Ceilings sheathed gypsum, when they do not want to level the base, close up the cracks. Sheets are mounted on a skeleton of a metal profile, painted or applied plaster. Gypsum ceiling, unlike the plastic-sheathed ceiling, looks expensive and presentable. In the toilets combined with the bathroom, the surface is sheathed with gypsum sheets. Paraffin-impregnated paper, the addition of a water-repellent agent to gypsum prevent wetting and deformation of the sheets. In a narrow room with a high ceiling there is discomfort. To adjust the proportions, the suspended ceiling is lowered by 20-50 cm, painted in bright blue, deep lilac, and red.
- saves materials and time to level;
- suitable for surfaces with large differences in height, joints;
- makes cosiness by installing built-in lights;
- creates an even base that is difficult to achieve when leveling putty.
The disadvantage is that the plasterboard ceiling collapses when severely flooded.
Coloring - the most affordable way to finish the ceiling in the toilet, if the base needs a slight alignment.The paint does not take precious centimeters in low rooms, forms an elastic coating, is applied to a small area in a few minutes. The only disadvantage is a long preparation, including thorough removal of the previous finish, elimination of all minor defects, putty, and polishing. For the ceiling surface used water-based, latex, acrylic dyes.
A few guidelines for painting the ceiling:
- on the matte surface, the flaws made during painting are less visible;
- glossy surface visually increases the room, less dust adheres to it;
- leaves less smudges, evenly paints the roller with dense pile;
- hides small cracks, creates an interesting pattern, imitation of stone, wood texture paint with mineral fibers, polymer chips.
The role of lighting in the decoration of the toilet
With the help of fixtures adjust the space. Bright light reflected from glossy materials, visually adds volume. Illuminated back wall makes the toilet wider. There will be no tightness in the space, if spotlights are installed on one of the side surfaces. To reduce the height of the room, the luminous flux from the ceiling is directed to the walls; In the toilet, the lighting should be moderately bright; Enough one or two small sconces on the wall or spot lighting around the perimeter of the ceiling. In the room with a height of more than 3 meters on the ceiling mounted hanging chandelier. In the combined bathroom they illuminate the area near the mirror, the washbasin, install semi-hermetic ceiling lamps and sconces with white frosted glass.
With the same power of the lamps in the toilet room with a bright glossy finish will be lighter than in a room decorated in dark colors.
Choosing a color palette
To finish the toilet, it is advisable to choose light neutral colors, but do not focus on one white color. Two or three shades without sharp contrasts with a bright border or an accent wall will give space volume and expressiveness. The light base color in a small room should be 60%. Bright accents are recommended to have in the background.
- White color is combined with any shades, creates a feeling of purity.
- Black color brings dynamics, you can create a game of contrast of black toilet and walls in pastel colors. In the spacious toilets appropriate black and red combination.
- Blue shades are combined with peach, beige, coral tones.
- Light greens are refreshing and soothing, in harmony with yellow, white, gray, lilac, brown.
- Yellow color makes a positive, combined with purple, brown, beige, is used for accent details.
- Lilac shade softens the features of the room, relaxes, combines with purple, green, amethyst, beige, sky blue.
- Brown color is in harmony with mint, lemon, gray-pink, dull blue.
If you choose facing materials in the bathroom according to the rules of Feng Shui, you should exclude black, brown, gray tones. The ceiling, according to Taoist teachings, is painted white, walls - in unsaturated shades of green, blue, lilac. The surfaces are complemented with borders, ornaments, accessories of yellow, red color. In the combined bathroom, the space is necessarily demarcated, a snow-white classic toilet and a sink are installed. The dominant element of water is emphasized with decorative rain plaster and marine-themed tiles.
Ergonomics: proper organization of the space in the bathroom
The ergonomic layout makes the toilet room as comfortable and aesthetically pleasing as possible. The basic rule is comfort, which should be felt when in the room and in everyday use with sanitary appliances.
To achieve the effect you need to follow the rules, take into account when repairing a number of conditions:
- the interior should not be too much decor and accessories;
- choose plumbing, which saves free space;
- the toilet should be placed at a distance of 50 cm from the door; in small-sized apartments, it is possible to gain 10-15 cm by installing a compact monoblock, models with a built-in cistern, an angular installation;
- to the right and left of the toilet bowl leave at least 40 cm;
- the approximate distance between the bidet and the toilet is 40 cm;
- paper holder mounted at a height of 65 cm from the floor, about 25 cm away from the edge of the toilet bowl;
- the sink is placed at a height of about 90 cm from the floor, a bench is placed for the child;
- 55 cm space should be left in front of the sink.
Choice of plumbing and furniture
In a limited area, streamlined furniture and equipment are preferred. Corner shelves and cases, wall lockers with sliding doors will do. They keep the area of the shelves built into the niche of the back wall, on which household chemicals and toilet paper are stored. Self-made niches are decorated with mosaics. The cabinet above the installation may consist of shelves that are open or closed by frame facades. Roomy storage space can be made to order, taking into account the dimensions of the wall and toilet.
Before buying plumbers measure the room, make a plan with the placement of plumbing. In a small bathroom they choose cantilever sinks with fastening on the wall or corner models. Will help to avoid splashes of a bowl with a depth of 50 cm. Classic floor-mounted toilet bowls are installed in a separate bathroom. If the toilet is combined with a bathroom and the area is less than 6 square meters. m, it is recommended to choose the angle and suspension models.
Usually, the toilet starts the morning and ends the evening, so in a small area you need to create a pleasant atmosphere, choose a style.
- For the implementation of the classical interior used tile, wood, plaster. The floor is tiled with an ornament. Style "classic" emphasize the surface of marble, sconce with bronze, metallized wallpaper with gilding.
- Toilet in Provence style is finished with decorative plaster, tiles in sandy, bluish, milky shades. The walls are decorated with borders with a floral ornament, elements of wood. On the shelves set wicker baskets, drawers. On sale many toilet bowls with brass fittings, characteristic for Provence, a flower decor.
- The bathroom in eco style is made out in shades of sky, earth, grass, sun, in small rooms white color is used as the basis. The surfaces are faced with tiles, wood, laminate, wallpaper with floral patterns. Ceiling paint or sheathe cork panels. The wall behind the toilet or the door of the sanitary closet is made of lining.
- Minimalism is a suitable style for decorating a small toilet. The surfaces are veneered with natural materials without decorative elements, the box is covered with blinds. The decoration is dominated by white color, the expressiveness of which emphasizes a black toilet bowl or floor tile.
- The interior of the bathroom in the Art Nouveau style is created by materials of muted tones with floral ornaments, gilding, light graphics, natural texture. Design completes the self-leveling floor, sleek plumbing with smooth outlines, false-wall.
- The focus of high-tech style is expressed in modern sanitary equipment, glossy surfaces, good lighting. The effect of space creates a white tile on the walls, ceiling lights, silver, glass accessories.
When developing a design should consider lighting and color palette. From them depends on the visual perception of the room. In the decoration of the toilet there is nothing difficult, all repairs will take a couple of days. Many of the work can be done personally, plumbing closets, roller shutters ordered by the size of a niche. A variety of finishing materials, compact plumbing will help to create an ergonomic space, fit a boiler, a rack in a small area, embody interesting ideas.