A preschool educational institution is an organization where primary public education of children is held, the first link in public education in most developed countries. Toddlers, older preschoolers are in kindergarten from about seven in the morning to five or seven in the evening, receiving the minimum necessary communication skills, playing, preparing for school. So that separation from her parents for the whole day was not too traumatic for the baby, the conditions close to home are created in the preschool center — plenty of toys, friendly teaching aunts, and the opportunity to sleep during the day. An important factor is the design of the kindergarten - beautiful, comfortable rooms, safe areas.
When choosing a garden, the first thing that parents pay attention to is the interior. This is the calling card of the institution, it is made out harmoniously, in a memorable manner. Children should be comfortable in it so that they would like to return there every day.
The main principles of the improvement project are as follows:
- conformity with the name - kindergarten "Bee" should have in its design figures of bees, black and yellow elements, and kindergarten "Fairy Tale" - images of heroes of famous fairy tales;
- corridor walls, lobbies are painted with various plots to make it interesting for children to look at them;
- clear zoning - in each group there should be a separate dressing room, bedroom, game room, in harmony with each other;
- the interior for children of different ages is decorated with different pictures - for the younger group, the scenes “Ryaba Chickens”, the Malyshariki cartoon are suitable; for the older ones, the tales of Sleeping Beauty, Ivan Tsarevich, and others;
- design materials are selected environmentally friendly, mostly natural.
Materials, ways of finishing
The main, most used materials:
- ceramic tile;
All materials must be harmless to the health of children, have certificates of radiation safety. Ceilings are most often whitened, painted with aqueous emulsion paint. The walls are made smooth so that they are easy to clean, the floors are not slippery. Walls, floors of sanitary premises, kitchens, decorated with tiles, oil paint, decorative plaster. Floors in the groups are made of wood, laminated, from natural linoleum, without cracks, protruding parts. In cold regions, heated floors are preferred. In groups, floor mats, carpet carpets.
The furniture is also selected environmentally friendly, comfortable, light. Preferred such that "grows with the child" - is adjustable in height. It can be hard or soft.
Rooms with windows facing north are painted in warm tones — beige, light yellow, salmon, peach. "Southern" rooms are decorated in cold colors - light blue, pale green, pale violet. Up to 25% of the area is allowed to paint more brightly, but aggressive colors to use the minimum amount.
With the help of color zoning of the premises is performed - some places are highlighted with bright tones and pictures.
How different colors affect children:
- pink - soothes, the child feels safe;
- blue - promotes concentration, relaxation;
- blue - gives peace of mind, relieves internal stress;
- yellow - helps to communicate, learn new skills;
- red - gives self-confidence, increases anxiety in large quantities;
- green - improves brain function, overly bright can tire.
Design of individual rooms or zoning
Zoning of space occurs by dividing it into functional zones with the definition of boundaries.
What are the boundaries:
- volumetric - partitions, screens, walls, furnishings, curtains;
- spatial - this is a different height of the floor in different zones, colors, lighting, architectural elements;
- combined - the space is simultaneously divided and connected, these are stained glass windows, lattices, curtains, columns, arches;
- translucent, fully transparent - this is how the separation is physically done while preserving the visual connection.
Zoning is preferred to flexible - collapsible cabinet designs, sliding partitions, screens, transparent screens. Children are often directly involved in zoning, along with caregivers. Often used podium platforms with fences, a variety of partitions - straight, angular, shaped, of various heights, widths, lengths. Ceiling decoration on holidays will also become an element of dividing into zones - flags, balloons, and paper garlands.
Older groups are often located on the second floor, because of the safety, the aesthetic appearance of the stairs should also be taken care of. The walls along them should be beautifully decorated - for example, to make an exhibition of graphic, pictorial works of pupils.
Game and training room
Most often, the kids play, eat, in the same rooms. Furniture is matched to the height of children - in the younger, older groups, it will vary greatly in height.
Here are placed:
- tables, chairs;
- shelves for books, toys;
- paints, markers;
- finished works made by children;
- musical instruments.
The walls are decorated with bright, non-aggressive colors wallpaper, drawings - welcome developing plots, episodes from fairy tales, cartoons. In the play area on the floor is laid soft, warm carpet. Cabinets, shelves for toys, books, are selected with minimal traumatic risk, stable, they are well fixed. The training area should be sufficiently well illuminated, visually separated from the game by another floor covering, walls, using partitions. Here, children learn to read, write, draw, sculpt. Zones of various games are separated from each other by decorative houses, screens - a kitchen with a toy set, a railway, a town of Lego.
The dining room is separated from the playing area by a screen, a shelving. For the convenience of cleaning the carpet in this place is not put, because children often drop food on the floor, pour, scatter. From the furniture there are tables designed for two to four people, high chairs, suitable for the height of the bench. On the wall have a menu, an explanatory note, which is painted, shows how to properly use a spoon, fork, napkins. Tables are covered with tablecloths, colorful oilcloths. Eating cartoon characters are often depicted on the walls.
This is one of the first rooms where children with their parents get from the street. It is decorated brightly, various plots are used, wallpapers with images of animals, fairy-tale characters are applied. On the walls are placed stands with important information, announcements, timetables, height meters. On the lockers for clothes they draw, stick different letters, pictures, so that each child can easily remember his own, find where his things lie. In the center of the locker room they put long benches to make it convenient for the pupils to dress, a carpet is laid on the floor.
The bedroom is designed for daytime sleep, night rest in the gardens with round-the-clock stay. It make out calm, mostly pastel, tones. Blackout curtains are hung on the windows - the room should be dimmed during daytime rest. They are selected from natural, eco-friendly materials, suitable for style. The structures to which they are attached must be distinguished by high reliability, fabrics - practicality, durability. The ceiling can simply be whitewashed or depicted on it the starry sky.
What should be the bathroom
To kindergarten bathrooms strict requirements. Ceramic tiles should be laid on the floor, which can be washed well; on the walls, such a coating should be at least one and a half meters high. In the younger groups, the toilet is equipped with pots, in the middle, older - with toilet bowls, washbasins, mirrors. The older the children, the more spacious this room should be. For older children, toilets are located in cubicles, but the doors should not be constipated. Each pupil has his own towel, which he hangs on a hook in a separate compartment. In the showers, drainage through openings in the floor is organized; for safety, rubber mats and wooden pallets.
Registration of playgrounds
On the territory of the kindergarten there are two main areas:
- recreational - there walk, pupils play;
- economic - there comes a special transport, performs loading and unloading.
Experts recommend making playgrounds different - for children of different ages, their communication, games, any activities. The presence of natural areas is complemented by game elements made from natural materials. Also on the territory of DOW provide a convenient entrance, the availability of places for short-term recreation of adults who look after children. Various techniques of modern landscape design are used.
On the territory of the site are located:
- horizontal bars;
- tables, chairs, benches;
- equipped places for sports;
- houses, gazebos;
- subject sculptural compositions.
It is easy to make part of the decor with your own hands - animals from automobile tires, ladders from wooden cuts, logs, miniature buildings from plywood, flower beds, alpine slides. Trees, flower bed fences are made of colored plastic bottles, paths are laid out with pebbles painted under ladybirds, beetles. All decorative elements are painted with bright colors, and the walls of the garden building are decorated with fairy tales.
Often in the building of the garden there is a gym, a swimming pool - children need to develop physically. The gym is equipped with a wall bars, balls, trampolines, basketball hoops, hoops, pins. Swimming pool must comply with safety standards, be equipped with life buoys, be of small depth.
Create a live corner
A living corner is a developmental zone that teaches children the first skills in caring for animals and plants, allowing them to observe their behavior and development.
Here most often live:
- Guinea pigs;
- decorative mice, rats;
- parrots, canaries;
- turtles, lizards;
- certain types of aquarium fish.
Here, too, various potted plants are often located - it is important to choose only non-poisonous ones that are not capable of causing allergies, injuring curious children with thorns and prickles. Children give animals food, under the supervision of adults, they remove cells, water flowers from watering cans, knowing the world of flora and fauna. All necessary equipment is stored here - children learn to use it.
All about the decor and choice of textiles
Textiles are chosen to match the overall color. All fabrics are preferred natural, eco-friendly, fireproof. They should not accumulate dust, in the composition of fabrics for bed linen is unacceptable the presence of components that can cause allergies. High-quality textiles do not have to change after one or two years, it will not burn out in the sun, will not lose its appearance. Pupils, together with adults, make crafts from fabrics of cloth-applique made of felt on linen basis, embroidered toys for decorating the head's office. Themes and stories are different.
Rag wall organizers for stationery, interior dolls also decorate the interior of the room. In the bedroom there are decorative panels depicting sleeping animals, in the dining area - textile paintings, where cartoon characters eat and cook. In the room for games they put several textile tents in which some children can hide, retire if necessary.
Fabric pockets for baby locker are easy to make yourself. This requires about a meter of fabric, from which two parts are cut 30 by 80 cm, two pockets 40 by 20 cm and 40 by 15 cm. An elastic band is sewn into the upper parts of the pockets, on which they are slightly pulled together, sewn onto the base one by one, starting from the bottom. After fixing the second part of the base, a strip of plastic is inserted at the top and bottom for rigidity. The edges are made oblique bake, strips of the same fabric. In the upper part of the sewn loops, which will hang the pockets. They store spare panties, socks, gloves, hat, comb, office. At will the design is decorated with embroidery, applique, beads.
The design of kindergartens in each preschool institution is different. But all of them must ensure the comfort and safety of young citizens. The decoration of the kindergarten is chosen to the maximum appropriate to the children's worldview. You can decorate the interior with your own hands, or using the services of local designers, for the most acceptable design of public and private pre-school facilities.