The mirror is an indispensable attribute of human life, for the past several centuries. It is difficult to imagine an apartment in which it is not - such a room will be strange, lifeless, devoid of the usual comfort. The decor of the mirror adds individuality to any interior, especially if it is made by one's own hand, and not at the glass factory. They decorate this object in a variety of ways, make out in many styles, in more detail in our master classes for individual hand-made techniques.
The basic rules, the principles of decorating mirrors
This design direction uses all materials existing in nature, the industrial world, their waste. Remains of wood plinth and saw cuts, ice cream sticks and plastic utensils, threads and cloth, shells and pebbles, plastic and eggshell, beads and rhinestones, acrylic paints and paper - from all this creates a unique, unique decor. Transparent silicone is usually used as an adhesive, and it is applied using a special gun. Silicone exists neutral and acidic; they vary in price, setting time. In some cases, used glue PVA, "Titan".
There are two decoration techniques:
- decor beyond the mirror - from cardboard, fiberboard, plywood cut out the basis of the desired shape, which should be chosen more than the item itself. Decorative elements are glued on the edge, the base is dried, then a mirror is mounted on it, as if inserted into a frame;
- decoration of the mirror surface - the glue together with the decorations is applied directly to the object itself, which allows you to get a “tracery” design.
Industrial decoration of mirror elements is carried out using etching, crackling, engraving, applying colored enamels, lithography, painting, etc.
Mirror decoration options
There are a great many ideas of decor suitable for different styles, here are just a few of them:
- for the loft style, the frame for the mirror is made of the remains of laminate, pieces of brick;
- in the interior of the maritime style, it is decorated with seashells, flat pebbles;
- for ethnicity - the frame is woven from straws, decorated with dry flowers, varnished, dry reed tubules;
- Provance uses linen light fabric, ropes;
- an embroidered picture can become a mirror design in a classic style;
- industrial interior is decorated with colored broken glass, plastic spoons, forks;
- for art-believe, the mirror will be perfectly shaped with colored paper tubes;
- frame for mirrors in high-tech style, mounted from pieces of chrome-plated metal, tubes, bolts.
Paper sticks or tubules
Paper, anyway, is in every home. For the decoration of mirrors are most often used:
- glossy magazines - they don’t even have to be painted;
- cigarette paper;
- carton trays of eggs;
- napkins for decoupage.
To make a frame of the tubes, they are twisted from a newspaper, making the desired length, thickness. They are laid out on an unnecessary substrate, painted with acrylic from a can from all sides. After the glue is applied to the mirror, it is better round, the glue is applied to the back - silicone is necessarily bought neutral, acidic can easily destroy the thin mirror coating. Paper tubes are laid out in the form of the sun, a flower, the day is dried in a horizontal position and a new decor item is hung on the wall. For rooms with high humidity this design is not suitable.
Sometimes instead of tubes of paper using plastic straws, rods from pens.
The larger the mirror, the greater the number of spoons required. From them you need to cut off the scoops, which later become the "petals" of the flower mirror, optionally paint in one color or different. Next, a piece of hardboard, thick cardboard is cut out, the main decoration item is laid in the middle, which should be cut around with a pencil and a marker — parts between three and four or more rows are stuck between this line and the edge of the frame. The frame is dried, a mirror is glued to the center, and after a day it is hung on the wall. Such a mirror will perfectly fit into the interior of a bright bathroom of modern style, romantic bedroom.
If instead of spoons to use a wide part of the forks, the design will be no less interesting, but prickly. In the same technique, a frame is made of buttons, small CDs, and parts of a children's designer.
Rope, lace is chosen thicker, for a large mirror a real rope will fit, a small one - thin but durable twine, paracord. The base is cut out of cardboard, fiberboard, glue is applied to it, coil after coil lay out lace. The mirror can be glued at the very beginning, then stick a rope around it. For minimalism use a bright, not too textured rope, for the traditional - flaxen.
If you use threads, ropes of different colors, you get a "rainbow", striped frame.
The wooden frame will perfectly fit into any modern interior, it can be made from:
- wooden pegs;
- chopsticks for chinese food, from ice cream;
- oblique wood cuts;
- small planks, planochek;
If the clothespins can be simply fastened around the perimeter of a thin mirror, then other options will require a little more time and effort. When there is access to woodworking machines, tools, then the profile necessary for a beautiful design is cut out of the solid timber independently. Wooden strips, slats are bought in the store, where everything is available for repair. Timber cutting services are sometimes provided there as well - you can ask the planks to be cut at an angle of a certain length. At home they will need to be stapled together, painted, painted by hand, supplemented with carving. For the curly frame of wood need jigsaw.
For eco-style, a piece of plywood is cut out, cardboard, larger than the mirror itself, which is glued in the middle. Around, on the base, pieces of wood, pegs, sticks, big chips, thin saw-cut branches, snags are stuck, nailed - the mirror is made as it were recessed in the frame. If the item of decoration has a small size, then it can be glued to a large wood sawn, varnished - it is better that it has bark. When ice cream sticks are used for decoration, they should be pre-lacquered, painted, painted.
The carved wooden frame is suitable for the Baroque style, decorated with snags - Eastern, ethnic - decoration of thin twigs, intertwined among themselves, wooden clothespins with folk patterns.
Seashells brought from the sea, the "shells" of snails used in the preparation of some dishes, can become an original element of the decor. Most often they are used to decorate the sea-style mirror - then they hang it against the background of photo wallpapers depicting sea sunrise, sunset. Shells painted with bright colors will fit well into the futuristic interior, modern. Place this frame most often in the bathroom, in the nursery.
If sea, river, lake shells have lost their color, they are soaked in ordinary bleach, then washed, dried, smeared with sunflower oil, varnished. Next, take a mirror that has a frame or on a plywood, wooden base. The shells are glued symmetrically, in inconsistency - first large, then, between them, smaller ones. Frame dried, varnished.
Many people use pearls, beads, beads, and beautiful pebbles as a supplement to shells.
Mosaic, broken dishes
No need to rush to throw out the crockery, especially if it was beautiful during its lifetime - the pieces are easy to use as decoration.
- broken stained glass, crystal;
- fragments of mirrors;
- pieces of aluminum foil;
- clay, porcelain shards;
- battered ceramic tiles.
With special equipment, glass is cut into pieces of any desired shape. Decorations are glued to a previously prepared surface according to the required pattern, the voids between the parts are filled with any kind of grout, decorated with stones, sparkles, mother of pearl.
For the ecological style they use clay shards, Provence - faience, hi-tech hall decorated with fragments of audio CDs.
Artificially aged frame - the best decor of the living room, bedroom of an expensive classical interior, pompous Baroque and Gothic styles.
Variants of the "old" design:
Making the frame with gold leaf allows you to create a unique, luxurious item. Tinsel is the thinnest gold film, which is glued to the surface of the object for decorative purposes. It is produced in the form of squares with a side of 91.5 mm, but there is a difference in thickness. For the decoration of furniture used the most subtle - with a ligature weight of 1-2 grams.
The color of gold leaf is:
- white - contains palladium, silver;
- lemon - has a large percentage of silver;
- green - an alloy of silver and gold;
- yellow - contains 75% gold, silver, copper;
- orange - an alloy of copper and silver;
- red - has a lot of copper in the composition;
- pure - almost one hundred percent.
The material is sold in notebooks, packs, rolls, shifted with tissue paper.
Melted gold is produced in the form of a powder that must be diluted, combining with tinsel.
From materials, tools you will need:
- the wooden frame is best carved, according to the size of the mirror;
- gold plates;
- glue - mezdrovy, on an oil, alcohol basis;
- paint for the background - if the gold coating is not continuous.
First, paint is applied to the frame, dried, carefully pasted with gold sheets, polished so that there are no seams, a mirror is fixed in the middle.
If you want to save a lot, instead of sheets of gold they use potal, a thin foil that looks like gold, but without precious metals in its composition.
This finish is applied in the form of painting directly on the mirror surface, a variety of stickers on it. You can decorate the closet door in the dressing room, oval, rectangular in the hallway, lobby, plasterboard partition wall, decorated with mirrors.
From materials, tools are most often used:
- paint on glass;
- various stencils;
- pebbles, beads;
- beads, sparkles;
- textile, polymer lace;
- thin, thick tassels.
For minimalism, modern, you should use a mirror without a frame.
In the "stone" decor should adhere to certain conditions:
- do not place them too close to each other;
- It is recommended to use stones of different sizes and colors;
- you can spread them on pre-made stencils;
- glue not only on the very edge, but also locally in one or all corners.
Decoration, made up entirely of identical transparent stones alone, is suitable for minimalism style. In combination with plastic flowers, plants - a room of a romantic style, buttons, beads - for eclecticism, avant-garde. Glue is used transparent, it should be applied very carefully, carefully removing the excess. Usually used special - to work with glass, rhinestones.
These stones are often sold in stores - individually, in sets.
Paintings make out wall mirrors, glass doors, pier glass. With certain artistic skills, the surface is easily painted with wonderful patterns using acrylic paints and brushes of various thicknesses.
The most popular topics:
- Christmas patterns - like in the winter on the windows;
- fantastic birds, animals;
- underwater world;
- dotted, "Kudrinskaya" painting;
- geometric figures;
- floral ornaments.
For the mirror in the children's style Provence, light colors are used. In the classic bedroom of a teenage girl, surfaces are decorated with pastel-colored flowers, industrial kitchen - with figures of steel colors. It will take at least an hour to hand-painted such a plan.
Another way - coloring cans of dye through special stencils. Perforated wipes for decoupage perfectly fit for this role. Napkins are selected rubberized - so that they are easy to remove. They are simply laid out on the surface, and spray paint is applied on top, after which it should be dried for several hours.
When performing fine hand-painted, designers recommend using a special circuit for working with glass.
The most "home" interior is obtained by using the design of mirror surfaces with beads. Often it is combined with pictures, sofa cushions, embroidered with beads, glass beads. For a traditional, neoclassical bedroom this is one of the best solutions.
Glass beads, ideally glass beads are selected - so that the light is well transmitted, not too cluttering the surface. The color scheme should fit well into the interior of the room, without creating a dissonance with it. You can glue on a transparent silicone sealant, separating the surface to be decorated with adhesive tape. Separate volumetric elements made by stringing beads onto wire, fishing line, and thread can be used.
- sea waves of turquoise-white shades;
- African, old Russian ornaments;
- butterflies, dragonflies;
- geometric abstractions.
Accents from large transparent beads look great against the background of smaller details.
Mirror frame of the ceiling plinth do it yourself
From the materials required:
- furniture plywood;
- scissors, sharp knife;
- ruler, pencil, gon;
- glue "Titan", PVA;
- acrylic dye;
- clothesline or twine;
- fabric sponge.
Step frame is made like this:
- at the base they make slots where a strong cord is inserted for hanging the structure;
- mirror glue on plywood;
- cut ceiling plinth, carefully working over the corners;
- their ends are smeared with glue "Titan", tightly pressed to each other;
- a special primer is applied to the plinth, and when it dries out - acrylic paint;
- then separate fragments are decorated with gold, silver and bronze paint;
- a floral ornament is laid out from the remnants of the rope, lace, which is complemented by contour, dot painting, sparkles, rhinestones;
- the frame is glued to the base, dried - after a day the structure is fixed on the wall.
As additional elements are used any available materials that are suitable for the style. Also used sandriki, corner parts, sockets (they are cut into several parts), fragments of ceiling ornaments, moldings, etc.
If possible, the pattern in the corners of the frame should be well chosen - it will be so much more beautiful.
Designer interior, decorated with mirrors, looks spacious, alive - any room seems to be filled with light, it becomes larger. The creative design of large and small mirror surfaces can be a peculiar highlight of any room, pleasing the owners for a single year. When there are several mirrors in a room, all of them are made out in a similar manner, in a color scale suitable for this particular space. Many ideas of self-decoration of an old mirror with improvised means are even able to be made by a child, under the supervision of adults or with their help.